What is the Definition of Lawsuit?

Litigation is the process of pursuing legal action through a court. The term refers to actions between opposing parties to enforce or defend legal rights. In many cases, these lawsuits are settled through a settlement agreement. In other cases, however, a lawsuit can go to court, where a jury makes the final decision. Here are some of the common types of lawsuits. Read on to learn about the differences between these types of lawsuits.

Pretrial discovery is a formal process of exchanging information and evidence prior to trial. Discovery may occur in the early stages of a lawsuit, with initial disclosures of evidence by each party. Discovery is a structured exchange of evidence intended to prevent surprises and make the parties decide whether to settle. Here are some things to know about the process. In some cases, a lawsuit may be settled before it has begun. But in other cases, a settlement may be reached during the lawsuit.

When a lawsuit is settled, it is called res judicata. This means that the plaintiff cannot bring the same claim against the other party again. If the plaintiff loses at trial, they may appeal the decision to the higher court. If the case is lost on appeal, it may be sent back to the lower court for a new trial. In some cases, lawsuits may even move up and down the appeals ladder multiple times before being settled.

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